Millets are cultivated by human since 8000 B.C. Millets contains a range of cereals which was mainly out of focus. After the green revolution mainly wheat and rice production were increased and remaining cereals (millets) goes out of focus. But in now day increasing health awareness and health problems people have to look towards other cereals (millets). Due to that production and consumption of millets increasing day by day. In continuation of this scenario, we write this article about Millet benefits.
Millets also are known as nutricereals because this cereal (millets) contains higher nutritious values as compared with others. Millets divided into two major group’s i.e. major millets and small millets.
Major millets with their benefits-
- Sorghum/ Jowar/ Juar/ Jola/ Jonna–
Sorghum having a higher content of carbohydrates. These carbohydrates mainly contain slowly digestible starch in very good proportion. Which are good for metabolic disorders such as diabetes and hyperlipidemia. Regular consumption of sorghum helps to strengthen the digestive system.’ Sorghum is an important source of B vitamins except for vitamin B12. Sorghum is a source of vitamins E, K and D potassium and adequate source of Mg, Fe, Zn, and Cu. Sorghum consumption benefits in health problems like Celiac disease, Obesity, Diabetes, Coronary Heart Disease, Cancer, Oxidative Stress, etc.
2. Pearl millet/ Bajra/ Sajjai/ Kamboo/ Bajri
Pearl Millet has the highest protein content. It contains many essential minerals like magnesium, phosphorus, zinc etc. It has essential amino acids and vitamins. Pearl millet is one of the few foods which contain all the essential amino acids required in it. Pearl millet consumption benefits in health problems like stomach ulcers, Heart health, respiratory problems (like asthma), Gall stones, etc. Pearl millet has a large amount of phosphorus. Phosphorus ha main function in bone growth and development
3. Finger millet/ Mandua/ Ragi/ Nachni/ Ragulu/ Nagli
Finger millet is a very good source of nutrients especially of calcium, fiber, and other minerals. It was found that 18.6% dietary fiber and 3.6% crude fiber in finger millet. High fiber foods are delayed nutrient absorption, increased faecal bulk, lowering of blood lipids, prevention of colon cancer, the barrier to digestion and mobility of intestinal contents. Finger millet is highly nutritious and renders various health benefits like losing weight, bone health, diabetes, lowering blood cholesterol, anemia, etc.
Small millets contain-
- Little millet/ Kutki/ Sava/ Same/ Samalu/ Kangani
2. Kodo millet/ Kodon/ Kodra/ Harka/ Arikelu
3. Foxtail/ Italian millet/ Kangni/ Kakum/ Kang, Rala/ Korra/ Navane/ Tenai
4. Barnyard millet/ Sanwa, Jhangon/ Shamul/ Udalu
5. Proso millet/ Barre/ Vari/ Baragu/ Varigulu/ Cheena
Health benefits of small millets consumption-
Helps control Blood sugar levels when consumed on a regular basis. It is known for its low Glycemic index- a gradual increase in blood sugar after food intake when compared to rice. Millets are an ideal food for people suffering from diabetes and gastric problems. It reduces the risk of Heart Attack also helps in the development of body tissue & energy metabolism and rich in anti-oxidants.
Millets are also good for the farmer. It can increase farmer’s income 3 fold times because millets have multiple uses i.e. food, fodder, and fuel.